Carob is considered by many to be the best option for a chocolate-like flavor and consistency without actually using cocoa powder. Cocoa powder is the main flavoring ingredient in most chocolate food items. It is versatile enough that it can be adapted to work in multiple forms such as chocolate cakes, ganaches and ice creams. If you want the chocolate color and flavor or something akin to them, these are your two best options. While they may appear to be similar, there is more to both of them. Below we will examine the ways in which they differ and the best ways to use them in another SPICEography Showdown: carob vs. cocoa.
What is the difference between carob and cocoa?
The first major difference between the two has to do with the origins of each. Carob trees have their roots in the Mediterranean region, which includes parts of North Africa as well as Southern Europe. Cocoa is from the New World and its origin lies in the area that is now Mexico and Guatemala. In addition to having origins from two regions that are far apart from each other, carob and cocoa represent the fruits and seeds of two different trees. While both start out in pods, carob is a legume and its pods grow on the Ceratonia siliqua tree; cocoa comes from the seeds of the Theobroma cacao tree.
Another major difference between the two has to do with flavor. carob is naturally sweet with nutty notes. Cocoa is well known for a rich and deep bittersweet flavor, which is entirely unique among foods. It is important to recognize that carob’s value as a chocolate substitute has less to do with flavor than with appearance and function. Not only does carob powder closely resemble cocoa powder, it functions very much like it in virtually all applications.
Can you use one in place of the other?
When it comes to the flavors of each, there is some similarity but the two are clearly different. Carob is clearly carob and cocoa is clearly cocoa. No one is likely to mistake the taste of one for that of the other. That said, carob has been used as a cocoa powder substitute for a long time. This is mainly because there are not a lot of other readily available substitutes that can function exactly like cocoa powder in a recipe and that also resemble cocoa powder. You can use carob powder in any recipe that requires cocoa powder as long as you are mindful of the fact that it will not taste exactly like cocoa. Similarly, you can use cocoa powder in place of carob powder if you want to give it a chocolatey taste. Nutritionally speaking, both are good for you but in different ways. Carob is lower in fat and rich in various B vitamins, while cocoa is lower in sugar but has higher concentrations of certain minerals including iron and magnesium.
When is it best to use carob and when is it best to use cocoa?
Carob is a great cocoa powder substitute if you have to avoid cocoa due to allergies or a sensitivity to the stimulants it contains. Cocoa powder contains both caffeine and theobromine, both of which can be allergens or cause issues like insomnia; carob contains neither of these. Carob is also great for making treats for dogs as the theobromine in cocoa products can be toxic to them. Cocoa is best used if you want its unmistakable flavor.